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Neural Plasticity
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 3764564, 1 page
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3764564
Editorial

Neurorehabilitation: Neural Plasticity and Functional Recovery

1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8421, Japan
2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 173-82 Gumi-Ro, Bundang-Gu, Seongnam 13620, Republic of Korea
3BDH-Klinik Greifswald, Centre for Neurorehabilitation, Intensive Care, and Spinal Cord Injury Unit, Universität Greifswald, Karl-Liebknecht-Ring 26a, 17491 Greifswald, Germany

Correspondence should be addressed to Toshiyuki Fujiwara; pj.en.ten-os.5cx@ijufot

Received 4 April 2017; Accepted 4 April 2017; Published 20 April 2017

Copyright © 2017 Toshiyuki Fujiwara et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Neurorehabilitation plays an important role for neural plasticity and functional recovery following neurological disease. Neurorehabilitation is based on rehabilitation medicine, neuroscience, and neurophysiology. This special issue focused on the efficacy and mechanism by which neurorehabilitation can induce neural plasticity and functional recovery.

Articles published in this special issue covered neurorehabilitation following stroke, spinal cord injury, and other neurological disorders.

T. Fujiwara et al. reviewed the neurorehabilitation using electromyography- (EMG-) controlled neuromuscular electrical stimulation for upper extremity motor function following stroke. This review showed that application of wearable EMG-controlled NMES for 8 hours in daytime improved both arm and hand function and can induce plastic change in intracortical interneuron and spinal reciprocal interneuron.

J. Fu et al. reviewed the functional recovery induced by the exercise after spinal cord injury. Therapeutic exercise can induce reshaping of the skeletal muscle, physiological change of spinal motor neuron, and remodeling of the motor cortex.

Neurophysiology and neuroimaging are great tools for revealing neural plasticity induced by neurorehabilitation.

Neuroimaging studies in this special issue revealed novel findings of cortical reorganization following spinal cord injury, facial nerve palsy, hearing loss, and aerobic exercise in older adults.

Neurophysiological studies in this special issue revealed neural activity related to reduction of gait speed in Parkinson’s disease and functional recovery of hemiplegia following stroke.

Advanced neurophysiological and neuroimaging techniques provided new insight into the functional recovery in neurological disorders.

We hope this special issue provides further knowledge of neurorehabilitation.

Toshiyuki Fujiwara
Nam-Jong Paik
Thomas Platz