Neural Plasticity

Neural Plasticity on Body Representations: Advancing Translational Rehabilitation


Status
Published

Lead Editor

1Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

2Tokyo University, Tokyo, Japan

3Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA

4Tohoku University Graduates School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan


Neural Plasticity on Body Representations: Advancing Translational Rehabilitation

Description

Various physical/mental disorders lead to changes in the brains body representation and these changes can have a tremendous impact on daily life and function. Establishing effective rehabilitation techniques to overcome these dysfunctions are of great importance. At present, many rehabilitation techniques are primarily inspired by learning approaches based on experimental and/or clinical studies. However, these interventions show large interindividual variations in response. The key to solving this problem is to elucidate mechanisms of how human brain adapts to changes in body representation. Body representation consists of body schema, sense of ownership, and sense of agency based on frontoparietal network and these senses synergically output via motor cortex, cerebellum, basal ganglia, and spinal cord. Information about the systematic dysfunction between nervous system and body is invaluable for accurate, valid assessment of disabling neurological deficits and for developing treatment methods with new levels of efficacy. It is noted that neural maladjustment of body representation and/or abnormalities in asomatognosia can occur independently with dysfunction. These indicate that creating and maintaining body representation are essential for appropriate function.

The purpose of this research topic is to elucidate the neural mechanisms of the body representation in the brain and the mechanism of the long-term changes in representation for applying rehabilitation interventions. These approaches are also potentially “personalized intervention,” because they can be targeted to specific impairments and needs. Studies concerning different etiologies of neurological deficits and studies focused on the behavior of healthy subjects are welcome so long as they serve the primary goal of advancing a theoretical and translational framework for neurorehabilitative practice. Organically combining brain science and rehabilitation medicine by using systems engineering can be anticipated to yield the translational research.

Potential topics include but are not limited to the following:

  • Mechanisms of asomatognosia and motor control based on computational theory
  • Dynamic models of body representation
  • Innovative rehabilitation program based on both experimental and clinical data of body representation
  • Pharmacological or physical methods of enhancing brain plasticity underlying body representation
  • Integrating rehabilitative prognosis markers with a model of the body representation
  • Impact of sensory experience of brain circuit function or structure
  • Differential regulation of body representation for developmental and adult plasticity
  • Identification of potential negative impacts of body representation

Articles

  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 9737569
  • - Editorial

Neural Plasticity on Body Representations: Advancing Translational Rehabilitation

Naoyuki Takeuchi | Shin-Ichi Izumi | ... | Jun Ueda
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 1694256
  • - Research Article

Prisms to Shift Pain Away: Pathophysiological and Therapeutic Exploration of CRPS with Prism Adaptation

Laure Christophe | Eric Chabanat | ... | Yves Rossetti
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 9834340
  • - Review Article

Plasticity and Awareness of Bodily Distortion

Mariella Pazzaglia | Marta Zantedeschi
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 8764238
  • - Clinical Study

Mirror Visual Feedback to Improve Bradykinesia in Parkinson’s Disease

Gaia Bonassi | Elisa Pelosin | ... | Laura Avanzino
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 1245259
  • - Research Article

Neuronal Substrates Underlying Performance Variability in Well-Trained Skillful Motor Task in Humans

Nobuaki Mizuguchi | Shintaro Uehara | ... | Eiichi Naito
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 6726238
  • - Research Article

Functional Connectivity Analysis of NIRS Data under Rubber Hand Illusion to Find a Biomarker of Sense of Ownership

Naoki Arizono | Yuji Ohmura | ... | Toshiyuki Kondo
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 6168245
  • - Research Article

Hemodynamic Response of the Supplementary Motor Area during Locomotor Tasks with Upright versus Horizontal Postures in Humans

Arito Yozu | Shigeru Obayashi | ... | Yukihiro Hara
Neural Plasticity
 Journal metrics
Acceptance rate53%
Submission to final decision58 days
Acceptance to publication37 days
CiteScore6.900
Impact Factor3.093
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