Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Neurology Research International
Volume 2013, Article ID 842980, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/842980
Research Article

Variation in Functional Independence among Stroke Survivors Having Fatigue and Depression

1Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, Bayero University, Kano 700241, Nigeria
2Department of Physiotherapy, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan 200211, Nigeria
3National Orthopaedic Hospital Dala, Kano 700252, Nigeria

Received 24 April 2013; Revised 12 August 2013; Accepted 12 August 2013

Academic Editor: Jeff Bronstein

Copyright © 2013 Umaru Muhammad Badaru et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. W. Duncan, H. S. Jorgensen, and D. T. Wade, “Outcome measures in acute stroke trials: a systematic review and some recommendations to improve practice,” Stroke, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 1429–1438, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. D. L. Roth, W. E. Haley, O. J. Clay et al., “Race and gender differences in 1-year outcomes for community-dwelling stroke survivors with family caregivers,” Stroke, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 626–631, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. M. Michael, J. K. Allen, and R. F. Macko, “Fatigue after stroke: relationship to mobility, fitness, ambulatory activity, social support, and falls efficacy,” Rehabilitation Nursing, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 210–217, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. A. Flinn and J. E. Stube, “Post-stroke fatigue: qualitative study of three focus groups,” Occupational Therapy International, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 81–91, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. I. G. L. van de Port, G. Kwakkel, V. P. M. Schepers, C. T. I. Heinemans, and E. Lindeman, “Is fatigue an independent factor associated with activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living and health-related quality of life in chronic stroke?” Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 40–45, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. P. O. Valko, C. L. Bassetti, K. E. Bloch, U. Held, and C. R. Baumann, “Validation of the fatigue severity scale in a Swiss cohort,” Sleep, vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 1601–1607, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. L. Ingles, G. A. Eskes, and S. J. Phillips, “Fatigue after stroke,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 173–178, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. S. Lai, P. W. Duncan, J. Keighley, and D. Johnson, “Depressive symptoms and independence in BADL and IADL,” Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 589–596, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. K. Ostwald, P. R. Swank, and M. M. Khan, “Predictors of functional independence and stress level of stroke survivors at discharge from inpatient rehabilitation,” Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 371–377, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. Nannetti, M. Paci, J. Pasquini, B. Lombardi, and P. G. Taiti, “Motor and functional recovery in patients with post-stroke depression,” Disability and Rehabilitation, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 170–175, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. W. Gargano and M. J. Reeves, “Sex differences in stroke recovery and stroke-specific quality of life: results from a statewide stroke registry,” Stroke, vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 2541–2548, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. M. Lai, P. W. Duncan, P. Dew, and J. Keighley, “Sex differences in stroke recovery,” Preventing Chronic Disease, vol. 2, no. 3, p. A13, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Piccinelli and G. Wilkinson, “Gender differences in depression. Critical review,” British Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 177, pp. 486–492, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. S. Paradiso and R. G. Robinson, “Gender differences in poststroke depression,” Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 41–47, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. L. Glader, B. Stegmayr, and K. Asplund, “Poststroke fatigue: a 2-year follow-up study of stroke patients in Sweden,” Stroke, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 1327–1333, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. Glickman-Simon, “Directed Geriatric Assessment-Part II, (Geriatric Depression Scale) Population Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine,” http://ocw.tufts.edu/data/42/491800.pdf, 2007.
  17. O. P. Almeida and S. A. Almeida, “Short versions of the geriatric depression scale: a study of theirvalidity for the diagnosis of a major depressive episode according to ICD-10 and DSM-IV,” International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 858–865, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  18. H. V. Nguyen, C. A. Inderjeeth, E. Tang, L. Barnabas, and M. Merriam, “Screening for depression in hospitalised and community-dwelling elderly: the use of the 4-item, 5-item and 15-item geriatric depression scales,” Australasian Journal on Ageing, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 204–208, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. B. Friedman, M. J. Heisel, and R. L. Delavan, “Psychometric properties of the 15-item geriatric depression scale in functionally impaired, cognitively intact, community-dwelling elderly primary care patients,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 1570–1576, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. K. Herlofson and J. P. Larsen, “Measuring fatigue in patients with Parkinson's disease-the Fatigue Severity Scale,” European Journal of Neurology, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 595–600, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. V. P. Schepers, A. M. Visser-Meily, M. Ketelaar, and E. Lindeman, “Poststroke fatigue: course and its relation to personal and stroke-related factors,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 87, no. 2, pp. 184–188, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. G. Sinoff and L. Ore, “The Barthel activities of daily living index: self-reporting versus actual performance in the old-old (>75 years),” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 832–836, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. D. Shinar, C. R. Gross, K. S. Bronstein et al., “Reliability of the activities of daily livingscale and its use in telephone interview,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 68, no. 10, pp. 723–728, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  24. J. R. F. Gladman, N. B. Lincoln, and S. A. Adams, “Use of the extended ADL scale with stroke patients,” Age and Ageing, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 419–424, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. C. Wu, L. Chuang, K. Lin, and Y. Horng, “Responsiveness and validity of two outcome measures of instrumental activities of daily living in stroke survivors receiving rehabilitative therapies,” Clinical Rehabilitation, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 175–183, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. F. B. van de Weg, D. J. Kuik, and G. J. Lankhorst, “Post-stroke depression and functional outcome: a cohort study investigating the influence of depression on functional recovery from stroke,” Clinical Rehabilitation, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 268–272, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. R. S. Raju, P. S. Sarma, and J. D. Pandian, “Psychosocial problems, quality of life, and functional independence among Indian stroke survivors,” Stroke, vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 2932–2937, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. C. Brown, H. Hasson, V. Thyselius, and A.-H. Almborg, “Post-stroke depression and functional independence: a conundrum,” Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, vol. 126, no. 1, pp. 45–51, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus