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Neurology Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 374352, 9 pages
Review Article

Atrial Fibrillation in the Young: A Neurologist’s Nightmare

1Department of Cardiology, Royal Brompton Hospital, Sydney Street, London SW3 6NP, UK
2Imperial College, London, UK

Received 28 August 2014; Revised 19 March 2015; Accepted 20 March 2015

Academic Editor: Mamede de Carvalho

Copyright © 2015 Nikhil Aggarwal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia seen in clinical practice with prevalence in excess of 33 million worldwide. Although often asymptomatic and until recently considered a “benign” arrhythmia, it is now appreciated that thromboembolism resulting from AF results in significant morbidity and mortality predominantly due to stroke. Although an arrhythmia more commonly affecting the elderly, AF can also occur in the young. This review focuses on the impact of AF in the younger population and discusses the dilemmas of managing younger patients with AF.