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Neurology Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1524548, 6 pages
Research Article

Clinicodemographic Profile of Children with Seizures in a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study

1Department of Pediatrics, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa 32900, Nepal
2Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur 44200, Nepal
3Centre for Population Health and Research (CPR), Bhairahawa 32900, Nepal
4Nuffield Department of Population Health, Clinical Trial Service Unit & Epidemiological Studies Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

Correspondence should be addressed to Nagendra Chaudhary

Received 15 March 2017; Accepted 28 May 2017; Published 21 June 2017

Academic Editor: Changiz Geula

Copyright © 2017 Nagendra Chaudhary et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Seizures are one of the common causes for hospital admissions in children with significant mortality and morbidity. This study was conducted to study the prevalence and clinicodemographic profile of children with seizures in a tertiary care hospital of western Nepal. This prospective cross-sectional study conducted over a period of 2 years included all admitted children (2 months–16 years) with seizures. Among 4962 admitted children, seizures were present in 3.4% () of children, with male preponderance. 138 (82.1%) children had generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) and 30 (17.9%) children had partial seizures. GTCS were more common than partial seizures in both sexes (male = 82.7%; female = 81.2%) and age groups. There was no statistical significance in the distribution of seizures (GTCS and partial seizures) with sexes () and age groups (). Mean ages of children having GTCS and partial seizures were years and years, respectively. Loss of consciousness (55.4%), fever (39.9%), vomiting (35.1%), and headache (16.1%) were common complaints in seizure patients. Significant number of GTCS cases had fever () and neurocysticercosis (; 43%) was the most common etiology in seizure patients. Idiopathic epilepsy (38 (22.6%)), meningoencephalitis (26 (15.5%)), and febrile convulsions (14 (8.33%)) were other leading disorders in children with seizures.