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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 503201, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/503201
Research Article

Cigarette Smoking and Alcohol Use among Adolescents and Young Adults with Asthma

1College of Nursing, Villanova University, 800 Lancaster Avenue, Driscoll Hall, Villanova, PA 19085, USA
2College of Liberal Arts and Science, Villanova University, 800 Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA 19085, USA
3College of Nursing, New York University, 726 Broadway, Room 1047, New York, NY 10003, USA

Received 6 October 2011; Accepted 10 November 2011

Academic Editor: P. M. Davidson

Copyright © 2011 Elizabeth Burgess Dowdell et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Asthma is one of the most common, serious chronic diseases in pediatric and young adult populations. Health-risk behaviors, including cigarette smoking and alcohol use, may exacerbate chronic diseases and complicate their management. The aim of this study was to longitudinally analyze rates of cigarette smoking and alcohol use in adolescents and young adults who have asthma and those who do not have asthma. A secondary analysis of data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health was undertaken. Individuals with asthma were found to exhibit increasing rates of cigarette smoking and alcohol use as they aged. When an adolescent with a chronic health issue begins health-risk-taking behaviors, behavior change interventions must be planned. Pediatric nurses, practitioners, and clinicians are uniquely positioned to assess for health-risk behaviors in youth with asthma and to intervene with plans of care that are tailored for the needs of this vulnerable population.