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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2012, Article ID 402032, 8 pages
Research Article

Social Support Associated with Quality of Life in Home Care Patients with Intractable Neurological Disease in Japan

1Department of Nursing, Sugiyama Jogakuen University, 17-3 Hoshigaoka-Motomachi, Chikusa-Ku, Nagoya 464-8662, Japan
2Division of Health, Bureau of Health and Welfare, 1-1 Sannomaru 3-Chome, Naka-Ku, Nagoya 460-8508, Japan
3Department of Nursing, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1-20 Daiko-Minami, Higashi-Ku, Nagoya 461-8673, Japan

Received 22 June 2012; Revised 12 August 2012; Accepted 26 August 2012

Academic Editor: Linda Moneyham

Copyright © 2012 Tomoko Nishida et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of the present study was to investigate what kinds of social supports contribute to the higher quality of life (QOL) of home care patients with intractable neurological disease. We investigated the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) and social supports to 74 patients with intractable neurological disease in a city of the Aichi prefecture, Japan. Association between WHOQOL and social supports was examined using multiple logistic regression analyses adjusting activities of daily living (ADL). High WHOQOL scores were associated with “attending patient gatherings held by the public health center,” “having someone who will listen empathically to anxieties or troubles,” and ADL. Physical health was associated with ADL, while psychological well-being was related to “having a hobby,” “having someone who will listen,” and “having a hospital for admission in emergencies.” Patients not having someone who will listen were more likely to participate in the gatherings. The present findings suggest that having someone who will provide emotional support is important for home care patients with neurological diseases. Patient gatherings held by the public health center were expected to provide patients with emotional support.