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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2013, Article ID 183984, 6 pages
Research Article

Engaging Nurses in Research for a Randomized Clinical Trial of a Behavioral Health Intervention

1The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 333 North Santa Rosa, San Antonio, TX 78207, USA
2Children’s Mercy Hospital, 2401 Gillham Road, Kansas City, MO 64108, USA
3St. Louis University School of Nursing, 3525 Caroline Street, St. Louis, MO 63104-1099, USA
4Washington University School of Medicine, One Children’s Place, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA
5Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, 2015 Uppergate Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
6Duke University School of Nursing, DUMC 3322, 307 Trent Drive, Durham, NC 27710, USA
7Indiana University School of Nursing, 1111 Middle Drive NU 439W, Indianapolis, IN 46202-5107, USA

Received 23 April 2013; Revised 30 July 2013; Accepted 5 August 2013

Academic Editor: Kate Khair

Copyright © 2013 Lona Roll et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Nurse involvement in research is essential to the expansion of nursing science and improved care for patients. The research participation challenges encountered by nurses providing direct care (direct care nurses) include balancing patient care demands with research, adjusting to fluctuating staff and patient volumes, working with interdisciplinary personnel, and feeling comfortable with their knowledge of the research process. The purpose of this paper is to describe efforts to engage nurses in research for the Stories and Music for Adolescent/Young Adult Resilience during Transplant (SMART) study. SMART was an NIH-funded, multisite, randomized, behavioral clinical trial of a music therapy intervention for adolescents/young adults (AYA) undergoing stem cell transplant for an oncology condition. The study was conducted at 8 sites by a large multidisciplinary team that included direct care nurses, advanced practice nurses, and nurse researchers, as well as board-certified music therapists, clinical research coordinators, and physicians. Efforts to include direct care nurses in the conduct of this study fostered mutual respect across disciplines in both academic and clinical settings.