Nursing Research and Practice / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Health Literacy Influences Heart Failure Knowledge Attainment but Not Self-Efficacy for Self-Care or Adherence to Self-Care over Time

Table 3

Health literacy, knowledge, self-efficacy, and self-care scores at baseline and followup overall and by health literacy level.

GroupHeart failure knowledgeaSelf-efficacybSelf-care maintenancebSelf-care managementb
AssessmentMean ± SDMeaningMean ± SDMeaningcMean ± SDMeaningcMean ± SDMeaningc

OverallBaseline 54.7% correct Not adequate Not adequate Not adequate
2 months 62.0% correct Adequate Adequate Adequate
4 months 64.0% correct Adequate Adequate Adequate

Inadequate health literacyBaseline 35.3% correct Not adequate Not adequate Not adequate
2 months 39.3% correct Adequate Not adequate Not adequate
4 months 52.0% correct Adequate Not adequate Not adequate

Marginal health literacyBaseline 60.0% correct Not adequate Not adequate Adequate
2 months 60.0% correct Not adequate Adequate Not adequate
4 months 58.7% correct Not adequate Adequate Not adequate

Adequate health literacyBaseline 58.7% correct Adequate Adequate Not adequate
2 months 68.0% correct Adequate Adequate Adequate
4 months 68.7% correct Adequate Adequate Adequate

Possible range 0–15.
bPossible range 0–100.
cAdequacy, according to the SCHFI, is at scores ≥70.