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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 675634, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/675634
Research Article

The Effect of Face-to-Face Education and Educational Booklet on Heart Health Indexes of the Hospitalized Patients with Myocardial Infarction

1Shahrekord University of Medical Science, Shahrekord, Iran
2Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Mazandaran, Iran
3Ayatollah Kashani Hospital, Shahrekord University of Medical Science, Shahrekord, Iran
4Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
5Bushehr University of medical sciences, Bushehr, Iran

Received 15 January 2013; Revised 9 April 2013; Accepted 9 April 2013

Academic Editor: Ivo Abraham

Copyright © 2013 Safar Ali Esmaeili Vardanjani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Management of risk factors and heart health indexes in the patients who have been diagnosed with myocardial infarction will result in prevention of secondary myocardial infarction, reduction of postimprovement mortality, increase of life span and improvement of life quality. Patient education has been found to be one of the most fundamental and essential care programs on the basis of identification and control of the patients’ health criteria. The study is a quasi-experimental research consisting of two groups. In this study, 112 patients with myocardial infarction who were below the age of 70 were selected randomly and divided into two groups (case group and control group) after being matched based on age and sex. The researcher first measured the health indexes including smoking, cholesterol level, body mass, level of anxiety, and amount of systolic and diastolic blood pressure in patients who have been diagnosed with myocardial infarction for the first time. He performed education program in case group and analyzed the said variables after four months. He also compared the behaviors in the two groups after being educated. The data was analyzed by SPSS software, version 15 (This product is licensed to FeFDBi, ABiComputer, 1337), and the two groups were compared by using appropriate statistical tests. According to the results, after education period, systolic blood pressure of the case group improves compared with control group (/), case group tends to quit smoking more than control group does (), cholesterol level of case group improves compared with control group (), changes of body mass are more positive in case group compared with control group , and anxiety of case group reduces compared with control group ().