Table 5: Standardized total effects, direct effects, and indirect effects in SEM.

Exercise and foot careDepressionBMIHbA1cDietGeneral health

Total effects
 BMI−0.400.400.000.000.000.00
 HbA1c−0.140.140.350.000.000.00
 General health0.12−0.60−0.31−0.160.000.00
 Diabetes quality of life0.06−0.46−0.14−0.070.120.45
Direct effects
 BMI−0.400.400.000.000.000.00
 HbA1c0.000.000.350.000.000.00
 General health0.00−0.48−0.25−0.160.000.00
 Diabetes quality of life0.00−0.180.000.000.120.45
Indirect effects
 BMI0.000.000.000.000.000.00
 HbA1c−0.140.140.000.000.000.00
 General health0.12−0.12−0.060.000.000.00
 Diabetes quality of life0.06−0.27−0.14−0.070.000.00