Table 4: Organizational factors (reported four or more times).

CategoryFirst authorSignificance
(S = < .05)
Direction (magnitude)Methodological qualitySample size

() Facility (n  =  3  studies)

Resources
( = 3 studies)
Garland [57]S+ ( = 0.43)Low moderate138
Kuo [10], informationNSLow moderate114
Kuo [10], resourcesS+ ( = 0.32)Low moderate114
Ramirez [71]S+ ( = 0.24)Low moderate337

() Work environment (n  =  13  studies)

Satisfaction with salary/benefit
( = 4 studies)
Choi [53], salaryNSHigh moderate2,254
Choi [53], benefitsSOR = 1.14High moderate2,254
House [63]NSLow moderate148
Parsons [33], salaryNSWeak550
Parsons [33], benefitsNSWeak550
Purk [70]SWeak34

Job performance
( studies)
Kovach [9]NSStrong177
Liu [66]S+ ( = 0.40)High moderate244
Simpson [73]NSHigh moderate504
Walborn [79]NSWeak185

Support from coworkers
( studies)
Friedman [56]NSHigh moderate349
Kuo [10]NSLow moderate114
Parmelee [68]S− ( = −0.145)High moderate188
Parsons [33]S+ ( = 0.138)Weak550
Proenca [69]NSLow moderate129
Thompson [77]SWeak40

() Workload (n  =  5  studies)

Workload
( studies)
Berg [48] (perceived strain)S− ( = −0.38)Weak233
Garland [57]S+ ( = 0.3)Low moderate138
Parmelee [68]S− ( = −0.283)High moderate188
Ramirez [71]S− ( = −0.21)Low moderate337
Thompson [77]SWeak40

: test statistic value not reported; : not reported; : estimate of the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient; : in multiple regression, a standardized coefficient indicating the relative weight of a predictor variable.