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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2015, Article ID 160746, 5 pages
Research Article

Biofeedback Intervention for Stress, Anxiety, and Depression among Graduate Students in Public Health Nursing

1Department of Advanced Studies in Education and Counseling, California State University, Long Beach, CA 90840, USA
2Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
3School of Nursing, California State University, Dominguez Hills, CA 90747, USA

Received 15 December 2014; Revised 27 March 2015; Accepted 5 April 2015

Academic Editor: Lidia Aparecida Rossi

Copyright © 2015 Paul Ratanasiripong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Globally, graduate students have been found to have high prevalence of mental health problems. With increasing severity of mental health problems on university campuses and limited resources for mental health treatment, alternative interventions are needed. This study investigated the use of biofeedback training to help reduce symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression. A sample of 60 graduate students in public health nursing was randomly assigned to either the biofeedback intervention or the control group. Results indicated that biofeedback intervention was effective in significantly reducing the levels of stress, anxiety, and depression over the 4-week period, while the control group had increases in symptoms of anxiety and depression over the same timeframe. As future leaders in the public health nursing arena, the more psychologically healthy the graduate students in public health nursing are, the better the public health nursing professionals they will be as they go forth to serve the community after graduation.