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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 705892, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/705892
Research Article

Health Resources and Strategies among Employed Women in Norway during Pregnancy and Early Motherhood

1Department of Health Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Stavanger, 4036 Stavanger, Norway
2Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud & Vestfold University College, P.O. Box 235, 3603 Kongsberg, Norway

Received 26 November 2014; Accepted 26 March 2015

Academic Editor: Linda Moneyham

Copyright © 2015 Marit Alstveit et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The number of women in paid employment is increasing. However, when becoming a mother for the first time, many seem unprepared for the challenge of balancing motherhood and work as well as for the impact on their health. The aim of this study was to investigate the health resources and strategies of employed women in Norway during pregnancy and early motherhood by means of salutogenic theory. A hypothetical-deductive interpretive approach based on Antonovsky’s salutogenic theory was applied in a secondary analysis. A total of six themes were identified; three were classified as health resources when experiencing tension and three as health strategies. Salutogenic theory seems to be a useful framework for illuminating the health resources and strategies adopted by employed women who become mothers. The identified health resources when experiencing tension and the health strategies applied may have implications for maternity care professionals and employers in promoting the health of such women and supporting them to combine work and family life.