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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2015, Article ID 932763, 7 pages
Research Article

Spousal Presence as a Nonpharmacological Pain Management during Childbirth: A Pilot Study

1Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Yliopistonranta 1C, P.O. Box 1627, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
2Kuopio University Hospital (KUH), P.O. Box 100, 70029 Kuopio, Finland

Received 4 May 2015; Revised 21 October 2015; Accepted 25 October 2015

Academic Editor: Maria Helena Palucci Marziale

Copyright © 2015 Abigail U. Emelonye et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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