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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 1504530, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1504530
Research Article

Attitudes Regarding Participation in a Diabetes Screening Test among an Assyrian Immigrant Population in Sweden

1School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Building G, Floor 3, Högskolevägen 1, 541 28 Skövde, Sweden
2Department of Health Sciences, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden
3Center for Primary Health Care Research, Family Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden
4Family Medicine, Department of Primary Health Care, Skövde, Sweden
5Institute of Medicine, Department of Primary Health Care, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

Received 28 April 2016; Revised 16 November 2016; Accepted 23 November 2016

Academic Editor: Claire Newman

Copyright © 2016 Susanne Andersson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Immigrants from the Middle East have higher prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with native Swedes. The aim of the study was to describe and understand health beliefs in relation to T2D as well as attitudes regarding participation in a screening process in a local group of Assyrian immigrants living in Sweden. A qualitative and quantitative method was chosen in which 43 individuals participated in a health check-up and 13 agreed to be interviewed. Interviews were conducted, anthropometric measurements and blood tests were collected, and an oral glucose tolerance test was performed. In total, 13 of the 43 participants were diagnosed with impaired glucose metabolism, 4 of these 13 had TD2. The interviewed participants perceived that screening was an opportunity to discover more about their health and to care for themselves and their families. Nevertheless, they were not necessarily committed to taking action as a consequence of the screening. Instead, they professed that their health was not solely in their own hands and that they felt safe that God would provide for them. Assyrians’ background and religion affect their health beliefs and willingness to participate in screening for TD2.