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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2017, Article ID 3057495, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3057495
Research Article

Anxiety in Cancer Patients during 18F-FDG PET/CT Low Dose: A Comparison of Anxiety Levels before and after Imaging Studies

1Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde de Lisboa, Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
2Centro de Investigação em Ciências Psicológica, Faculdade de Psicologia, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
3Área Cientifica de Medicina Nuclear, Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde de Lisboa, Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
4Instituto de Biofísica e Engenharia Biomédica, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
5Department of Natural Sciences, Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde de Lisboa, Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
6Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde de Lisboa, Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
7Servicio de Medicina Nuclear, Instituto Tecnológico de Servicios Sanitarios, Madrid, Spain
8Servicio de Medicina Nuclear, Hospital General Universitario “Gregorio Marañon”, Madrid, Spain
9Sociedad Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular, Madrid, Spain

Correspondence should be addressed to Ana Grilo; tp.lpi.lsetse@olirg.ana

Received 28 July 2016; Revised 6 October 2016; Accepted 28 November 2016; Published 14 March 2017

Academic Editor: Claire Newman

Copyright © 2017 Ana Grilo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. Assessing the level of anxiety in oncology patients who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT low dose scan and identifying the main reasons that generate anxiety. Material and Method. The study included 81 cancer patients submitted to the 18F-FDG PET/CT low dose scan. Patients filled in the Scan Experience Questionnaire and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) before and after 18F-FDG PET/CT low dose scan. Results. Substantial levels of anxiety were detected both before and after 18F-FDG PET/CT low dose scan (STAI mean > 30), with a significant increase in the state of anxiety after scan performance (, = 31.1, and = 33.0). 18F-FDG PET/CT low dose results are the main cause of anxiety both before (79.1%) and after (86.9%) the scan. The information provided by staff both before and on the 18F-FDG PET/CT low dose day was classified mostly as completely understandable (70.5% and 75.3%, resp.) and as very useful (70.5% and 72.6%, resp.) and correlated positively with patients’ overall satisfaction with NM Department (, and , p = 0.000, resp.), but not with anxiety levels. Conclusions. Patients perceive high levels of anxiety during the 18F-FDG PET/CT low dose scan and the concern with scan results was pointed out as the main factor for that emotional reaction.