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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2017, Article ID 5936781, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5936781
Research Article

Identifying and Intervening in Child Maltreatment and Implementing Related National Guidelines by Public Health Nurses in Finland and Japan

1School of Nursing, Tokyo Ariake University of Medical and Health Sciences, Tokyo, Japan
2School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Etelä-Pohjanmaa Hospital District, Tampere, Finland
3School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere and Science Center, Pirkanmaa Hospital District, Tampere, Finland
4School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Government Services, Tampere, Finland
5Graduate School of Health Care Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan

Correspondence should be addressed to Kayoko Suzuki; pj.ca.uat@kikuzus

Received 6 October 2016; Accepted 28 December 2016; Published 6 February 2017

Academic Editor: Lesley Wilkes

Copyright © 2017 Kayoko Suzuki et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. This study aimed to investigate how public health nurses identify, intervene in, and implement the guidelines on child maltreatment in Finland and Japan and to compare the data between the two countries. Method. This study employed a cross-sectional design. Public health nurses’ knowledge and skills with respect to child maltreatment prevention were assessed using a questionnaire consisting of three categories: identification, intervention, and implementation of guidelines. Public health nurses working in the area of maternal and child health care in Finland () and Japan () were the participants. Results. A significantly higher percentage of Japanese public health nurses identified child maltreatment compared to Finnish public health nurses, while Finnish nurses intervened in child maltreatment better than their Japanese counterparts. In both countries, public health nurses who had read and used the guidelines dealt with child maltreatment better than those who did not. Conclusion. The results suggest that effective training on child maltreatment and the use of guidelines are important to increase public health nurses’ knowledge and skills for identifying and intervening in child maltreatment.