Nursing Research and Practice / 2017 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Identifying and Intervening in Child Maltreatment and Implementing Related National Guidelines by Public Health Nurses in Finland and Japan

Table 2

Identification of child maltreatment.

Variables Finland () Japan ()Φ
DisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgree

PHNs meet maltreated children often164 (85%)29 (15%)290 (67%)145 (33%)22.37.19
PHNs recognize child maltreatment based on
 Child-related risk factors88 (46%)105 (54%)25 (6%)413 (94%)114.99.48
 Parents-related risk factors58 (30%)135 (70%)21 (5%)418 (95%)78.26.35
 Family-related risk factors62 (32%)131 (68%)28 (6%)411 (94%)72.77.34
 The child’s behavior117 (61%)76 (39%)140 (32%)299 (68%)45.87.27
 The parents’ behavior130 (67%)63 (33%)131 (30%)308 (70%)77.84.35
PHNs recognize physical signs sufficiently well88 (46%)105 (54%)73 (17%)366 (83%)59.25.31
PHNs recognize mental signs sufficiently well120 (62%)73 (38%)111 (25%)327 (75%)78.32.35

Estimate significance: .

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