Nursing Research and Practice / 2017 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Identifying and Intervening in Child Maltreatment and Implementing Related National Guidelines by Public Health Nurses in Finland and Japan

Table 3

Intervention to support children and their families.

Variables Finland () Japan ()Φ
DisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgree

PHNs discuss sufficiently well with families
 Risk factors in families54 (28%)139 (72%)203 (47%)233 (53%)19.13
 The child’s care35 (18%)158 (82%)140 (32%)297 (68%)12.90
 Problems in the couple's relationship70 (36%)123 (64%)258 (59%)179 (41%)27.81
 Problems in their daily life17 (9%)176 (91%)132 (30%)304 (70%)34.10
 The child’s development21 (11%)172 (89%)92 (21%)345 (79%)9.41
 Problems in the child’s development22 (11%)171 (89%)93 (21%)343 (79%)8.83
PHNs advise parents sufficiently well to
 Seek help when needed9 (5%)184 (95%)117 (27%)319 (73%)41.05
 Deal well with the child’s tantrums22 (11%)171 (89%)112 (26%)324 (74%)16.29
 Act well when the child does not meet parents’ expectations31 (16%)162 (84%)148 (34%)289 (66%)20.55
 Act well when the child has special needs or illness52 (27%)141 (73%)143 (33%)293 (67%)2.14
 Act well when the child cries26 (13%)167 (87%)112 (26%)323 (74%)11.75
 Discuss their consistent nurture35 (18%)158 (82%)135 (31%)300 (69%)11.27

Estimate significance: NS = not significant; ; .

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