Obstetrics and Gynecology International / 2009 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Prenatal Diagnosis of Complete Atrioventricular Septal Defect: Perinatal and Neonatal Outcomes

Table 4

Extracardiac anomalies associated with cAVSD fetus.

Anomalies Total %

CNSArnold-chiari malformations2(22,5%)
Holoprosencephaly1
Mild ventriculomegaly1
Agenesis of the corpus callosum1
Strawberry-shaped head1
Choroid plexus cysts5
Dandy-walker syndrome1
Exencephaly1
Iniencephaly2
Total14
GISOmphalocele5(17,7%)
Duodenal atresia2
Hyperechogenic bowel4
Total11
AEClub foot2(17,7%)
Polydactyly1
Short femur5
Clinodactyly1
Rocker-bottom foot1
Short humerus1
Total11
FACleft lip and/or cleft palate1(9,6%)
Microphthalmia1
Flat facial profile2
Small nasal bone2
Total6
GUSBilateral renal pelvic dilatation3(6,4%)
Multicystic dysplastic kidney1
Total4
Other anomaliesNuchal fold4
Fetal hydrops3
Single umbilical artery8
Ivemark syndrome11

CNS; central nervous system, GIS; gastrointestinal system, AE; anomalies of the extremites, FA; facial anomalies, GUS; genitourinary sytem. case can have more than one anomaly and hence the number of anomalies will exceed the total number.

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