Obstetrics and Gynecology International / 2010 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Venous Doppler in the Evaluation of Fetal Hydrops

Table 2

Relationship between cause of hydrops and mortality and abnormal venous blood velocity.

NumberMortalityMortality minus terminationAbnormal HV PIVAbnormal DV PIVUV pulsations

Number5132393449
High-output heart failure32 9 (28%)7 (23%)11 (34%) 8 (25%)13 (41%)
Low-output heart failure24 19 (79%)10 (67%)15 (63%) 18 (75%) 18 (75%)
Venous obstruction25 10 (40%)7 (32%) 7 (28%) 5 (20%)8 (32%)
Idiopathic19 13 (68%)8 (57%) 6 (32%) 3 (16%)10 (53%)

DV: ductus venosus; HV: right hepatic vein;
PIVs: pulsatility index for veins; UV: umbilical venous.
Abnormal PIV was defined as > 95th percentile.
.