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Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Volume 2010, Article ID 542693, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/542693
Review Article

Ovariohysterectomy in the Bitch

Department of Reproductive Pathology, ONIRIS: Nantes-Atlantic National College of Veterinary Medicine, Food Science and Engineering, Site de la Chantrerie, B.P:40706, 44307 Nantes Cedex, France

Received 31 October 2009; Accepted 7 January 2010

Academic Editor: Liselotte Mettler

Copyright © 2010 Djemil Bencharif et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Ovariohysterectomy is a surgical procedure widely employed in practice by vets. It is indicated in cases of pyometra, uterine tumours, or other pathologies. This procedure should only be undertaken if the bitch is in a fit state to withstand general anaesthesia. However, the procedure is contradicated if the bitch presents a generalised condition with hypothermia, dehydration, and mydriasis. Ovariohysterectomy is generally performed via the linea alba. Per-vaginal hysterectomy can also be performed in the event of uterine prolapse, if the latter cannot be reduced or if has been traumatised to such an extent that it cannot be replaced safely. Specific and nonspecific complictions can occur as hemorrhage, adherences, urinary incontinence, return to oestrus including repeat surgery. After an ovariectomy, bitches tend to put on weight, it is therefore important to inform the owner and to reduce the daily ration by 10%.