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Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Volume 2011, Article ID 143506, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/143506
Clinical Study

Breast Cancer Profile in a Group of Patients Followed up at the Radiation Therapy Unit of the Yaounde General Hospital, Cameroon

1Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Yaounde General Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, 5408 Yaounde, Cameroon
2Department of Radiation Therapy, Yaounde General Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, 1364 Yaounde, Cameroon
3Oncology Division, Yaounde General Hospital, 5408 Yaounde, Cameroon
4Breast Diseases Unit, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Geneva University Hospitals, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland

Received 19 April 2011; Accepted 10 June 2011

Academic Editor: Peter E. Schwartz

Copyright © 2011 J. D. Kemfang Ngowa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To describe the profile of breast cancer in the patients attending the radiation therapy unit of Yaounde General Hospital. Method. From 1989 to 2009, we conducted a descriptive retrospective study based on the register and medical records of patients. Results. During the study period, 531 breast cancer patients were recorded of which 0.75% were male. Age range was 18 to 82 years, with a mean of 45.17 years. Out of these, 66.1% were less than 50 years old and 31.9% less than 40. Self detection was the discovery method in most cases (95.34% of patients). Mean delay before presentation at hospital was 10.35 months, and 54.94% had used traditional medicine before medical evaluation. Metastasis and locally advanced breast cancer at diagnosis were present in 08.13% and 62.78%, respectively. Mastectomy was used in 88.08% of patients. Conclusion. The study reinforces the position occupied by late presentation and advanced stage at diagnosis of breast cancer profile in developing countries.