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Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Volume 2012, Article ID 354897, 8 pages
Clinical Study

Incidence of Extrusion Following Type I Polypropylene Mesh “Kit” Repairs in the Correction of Pelvic Organ Prolapse

1Division of Urogynecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Eastern Virginia Medical School, 825 Fairfax Avenue, Suite 310, Norfolk, VA 23507, USA
2Women's Health Care Specialists, PC, 7110 Stadium Drive, Kalamazoo, MI 49009, USA
3Atlanta Urogynecology Associates, 3400 Old Milton Parkway, Building C, Suite 330, Alpharetta, GA 30005, USA

Received 2 October 2011; Accepted 21 October 2011

Academic Editor: Papa Petros

Copyright © 2012 James C. Lukban et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction and Hypothesis. We sought to determine the mesh extrusion (vaginal exposure) rates and subject outcomes following IntePro (Type I polypropylene) mesh “kit” repairs for vaginal prolapse. Methods. Data were pooled from two prospective multicenter studies evaluating the safety and efficacy of the Perigee and Apogee (American Medical Systems, Minnetonka, Minn, USA) to treat anterior and posterior/apical prolapses, respectively. Extrusions involving the anterior compartment (AC) or posterior compartment/apex (PC/A) were recorded. Results. Two hundred sixty women underwent mesh placement, with a total of 368 mesh units inserted (173 in the AC and 195 in the PC/A). Extrusions were noted in 13 (7.5%) of AC implants and 27 (13.8%) of PC/A implants through 12 months. No difference was seen between those with and without extrusion in regard to anatomic cure, postoperative painor quality of life at 1 year. Conclusions. Extrusion had no apparent effect on short-term outcomes. Given the unknown long-term sequellae of vaginal mesh exposure, a thorough assessment of risks and benefits of transvaginal mesh placement should be considered at the time of preoperative planning.