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Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 402456, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/402456
Research Article

Social Determinants and Access to Induced Abortion in Burkina Faso: From Two Case Studies

1Université Bordeaux Segalen, UMR 5115 (Les Afriques dans le monde), Sciences Po Bordeaux, 11 allée Ausone, F 33607 Pessac Cedex, France
2Section for International Health, University of Oslo, Post Box 1130 Blindern, N 0317 Oslo, Norway

Received 6 September 2013; Revised 17 January 2014; Accepted 11 February 2014; Published 17 March 2014

Academic Editor: Julia Shelley

Copyright © 2014 Ramatou Ouédraogo and Johanne Sundby. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Unsafe abortion constitutes a major public health problem in Burkina Faso and concerns mainly young women. The legal restriction and social stigma make abortions most often clandestine and risky for women who decide to terminate a pregnancy. However, the exposure to the risk of unsafe induced abortion is not the same for all the women who faced unwanted pregnancy and decide to have an abortion. Drawn from a qualitative study on the issue of abortion in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso’s capital, the contrasting cases of two young women who had abortion allow us to show how the women’s personal resources (such as the school level, financial resources, the compliance to social norms, the social network, etc.) may determine the degree of vulnerability of women, the delay to have an abortion, the type of care they are likely to benefit from, and the cost they have to face. This study concludes that the poorest always pay more (cost and consequences), take longer to have an abortion, and have more exposure to the risk of unsafe abortion.