Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Volume 2014, Article ID 423708, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/423708
Clinical Study

Predictors of Success of Different Treatment Modalities for Management of Ectopic Pregnancy

1Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, School of Medicine, Adnan Menderes University, 09010 Aydın, Turkey
2Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, School of Medicine, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, 48000 Muğla, Turkey

Received 12 July 2014; Accepted 26 November 2014; Published 14 December 2014

Academic Editor: Thomas Herzog

Copyright © 2014 Sümeyra Nergiz Avcioğlu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. Schmidt, D. T. Rein, D. Foth et al., “Prognostic value of repeated serum CA 125 measurements in first trimester pregnancy,” European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, vol. 97, no. 2, pp. 168–173, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. I. Makinen, “Ectopic pregnancy in Finland 1967–83: a massive increase,” British Medical Journal, vol. 294, no. 6574, pp. 740–741, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. Coste, N. Job-Spira, B. Aublet-Cuvelier et al., “Incidence of ectopic pregnancy. First results of a population-based register in France,” Human Reproduction, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 742–745, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Department of Health, Report on Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths in the United Kingdom 1994–1996, HMSO, London, UK, 1998.
  5. Centers for Disease Control, “Ectopic pregnancy in the United States 1990–1992,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 46–48, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  6. M. Predanic, “Differentiating tubal abortion from viable ectopic pregnancy with serum CA-125 and β-human chorionic gonadotropin determinations,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 73, no. 3, pp. 522–525, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. E. Kuşçu, K. Vicdan, N. O. Turhan, S. Oğuz, G. Zorlu, and O. Gökmen, “The hormonal profile in ectopic pregnancies,” Materia Medica Polona, vol. 25, no. 3-4, pp. 149–152, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  8. I. Uyar, O. U. Yucel, C. Gezer et al., “Effect of single-dose methotrexate on ovarian reserve in women with ectopic pregnancy,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 1310–1313, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. T. Barnhart, G. Gosman, R. Ashby, and M. Sammel, “The medical management of ectopic pregnancy: a meta-analysis comparing “single dose” and “multidose“ regimens,” Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 101, no. 4, pp. 778–784, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. L. Glock, J. V. Johnson, and J. R. Brumsted, “Efficacy and safety of single-dose systemic methotrexate in the treatment of ectopic pregnancy,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 716–721, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. C. Sowter, C. M. Farquhar, and G. Gudex, “An economic evaluation of single dose systemic methotrexate and laparoscopic surgery for the treatment of unruptured ectopic pregnancy,” British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 108, no. 2, pp. 204–212, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. T. G. Stovall and F. W. Ling, “Ectopic pregnancy. Diagnostic and therapeutic algorithms minimizing surgical intervention,” The Journal of Reproductive Medicine, vol. 38, no. 10, pp. 807–812, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. H. O. Hamed, S. R. Ahmed, and A. A. Alghasham, “Comparison of double- and single-dose methotrexate protocols for treatment of ectopic pregnancy,” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, vol. 116, no. 1, pp. 67–71, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Alleyassin, A. Khademi, M. Aghahosseini, L. Safdarian, B. Badenoosh, and E. A. Hamed, “Comparison of success rates in the medical management of ectopic pregnancy with single-dose and multiple-dose administration of methotrexate: a prospective, randomized clinical trial,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 85, no. 6, pp. 1661–1666, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. S. G. Guven, S. Dilbaz, B. Dilbaz, B. A. Yildirim, D. Akdag, and A. Haberal, “Comparison of single and multiple dose methotrexate therapy for unruptured tubal ectopic pregnancy: a prospective randomized study,” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, vol. 89, no. 7, pp. 889–895, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. G. J. Cho, S. H. Lee, J. W. Shin et al., “Predictors of success of repeated injections of single-dose methotrexate regimen for tubal ectopic pregnancy,” Journal of Korean Medical Science, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 86–89, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. A. Eskandar, “Single dose methotrexate for treatment of ectopic pregnancy: risk factors for treatment failure,” Middle East Fertility Society Journal, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 57–62, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. B. Soliman, N. M. Saleh, and A. A. Omran, “Safety and efficacy of systemic methotrexate in the treatment of unruptured tubal pregnancy,” Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 1005–1010, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. J. Sinosich, J. G. Grudzinskas, and D. M. Saunders, “Placental proteins in the diagnosis and evaluation of the “elusive” early pregnancy,” Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 273–282, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. H. Dhar, I. Hamdi, and B. Rathi, “Methotrexate treatment of ectopic pregnancy: experience at Nizwa hospital with literature review,” Oman Medical Journal, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 94–98, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. RCOG: Evidence based Guideline No. 21. The Management of Tubal Pregnancy, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Press, London, UK, 2004.
  22. R. Laiyemo and G. Etokowo, “Management of suspected ectopic pregnancy: an audit from East Kent NHS Hospital Trust,” Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 209–212, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. P. Takacs, G. Latchaw, L. Gaitan, N. Chakhtoura, and T. De Santis, “Risk factors for conversion to laparotomy during laparoscopic management of an ectopic pregnancy,” Archives of gynecology and obstetrics, vol. 273, no. 1, pp. 32–34, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. O. Sotubo and A. P. Aboyeji, “Ectopic pregnancy in Ilorin, Nigeria: a five-year review,” Nigerian Journal of Medicine, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 25–27, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  25. A. U. Oronsaye and G. I. Odiase, “Incidence of ectopic pregnancy in Benin City, Nigeria,” Tropical Doctor, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 160–116, 1981, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 25–27. View at Google Scholar
  26. F. I. Abdul, “Ectopic pregnancy in Ilorin: a review of 278 cases,” Nigerian Journal of Medicine, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 92–96, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  27. M. Agdi and T. Tulandi, “Surgical treatment of ectopic pregnancy,” Best Practice and Research: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 519–527, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. Practice Committee of the American Society of Reproductive Medicine, “Medical treatment of ectopic pregnancy,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 206–212, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  29. P. B. Göksedef, S. Kef, A. Akça, R. N. Bayık, and A. Çetin, “Risk factors for rupture in tubal ectopic pregnancy:definition of clinical findings,” European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, vol. 154, no. 1, pp. 96–99, 2011. View at Google Scholar