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Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Volume 2017, Article ID 1678265, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1678265
Research Article

Postpartum Vaginal Blood Loss following Two Different Methods of Cervical Ripening

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Correspondence should be addressed to Okon Asuquo Okon; moc.liamg@aj9einok

Received 9 March 2017; Revised 9 August 2017; Accepted 27 August 2017; Published 19 December 2017

Academic Editor: Curt W. Burger

Copyright © 2017 Okon Asuquo Okon and John Egede Ekabua. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Eighty women undergoing induction of labor at the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital were recruited and randomly allocated into two treatment groups (40 each), to receive either serial 50 µg doses of misoprostol or intracervical Foley catheter. Vaginal blood loss was collected and measured using an under buttocks plastic collection bag and by perineal pad weighing up to 6 hours postpartum. There were no significant differences between the two groups with respect to sociodemographic and obstetric characteristics. Comparison of blood loss in vaginal deliveries between the two groups revealed that subjects in the misoprostol group had significantly higher blood loss than subjects in the Foley catheter group (488 ± 222 versus 326 ± 106, ). In both groups, there was strong and statistically significant positive correlation between postpartum blood loss and induction delivery interval (, ; , ). There were no significant differences in maternal outcomes. In view of this, further study is required to ascertain if lower doses of misoprostol for induction of labor may result in lesser blood loss. This trial is registered with ISRCTN14479515.