Obstetrics and Gynecology International / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Perceptions and Practice of Labor Pain-Relief Methods among Health Professionals Conducting Delivery in Minia Maternity Units in Egypt

Table 2

Types of pain-relief methods.

VariableNumberPercentage

Methods used in the first stage
Nonpharmacological methods10544.9
Pharmacological methods4318.4
None8636.8
Methods used in the second stage
Nonpharmacological methods3012.8
Pharmacological methods15967.9
None4519.2
Types of nonpharmacological methods for pain-relief practice (total 135/234)
Heat or ice compression135.6
Massage and therapeutic touch2410.3
Relaxing environment, audio analgesia (music, Quran, conversation, etc.)156.4
Deep breathing/patterned breathing187.7
Maternal positioning, waking, moving around the room208.5
Giving assurance, explaining the labor process4519.2
Types of pharmacological methods for pain relief used in labor (total 202/234)
Medications16470.1
Epidural anesthesia2912.4
Others/nitrous oxide or inhaled gases93.8
Continuous education that focused on methods for pain relief
No, I had not6380.8
Yes, I had1519.2