Obstetrics and Gynecology International / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Factors Affecting the Utilization of a Minimum of Four Antenatal Care Services in Ethiopia

Table 2

Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratio (OR) for factors associated with the utilization of a minimum of 4 ANC services in Ethiopia, 2016 EDHS.

VariablesUnadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)

Residence
Urban (ref)1.001.00
Rural0.19 (0.17–0.22)0.63 (0.52–0.77)
Region
Tigray (ref)1.001.00
Afar0.15 (0.12–0.20)0.20 (0.15–0.26)
Amhara0.34 (0.27–0.42)0.36 (0.28–0.45)
Oromia0.23 (0.18–0.28)0.21 (0.17–0.26)
Somali0.11 (0.09–0.14)0.13 (0.10–0.17)
Benishangul0.52 (0.42–0.65)0.60 (0.48–0.76)
SNNPR0.50 (0.41–0.61)0.50 (0.40–0.61)
Gambella0.41 (0.33–.52)0.35 (0.27–0.45)
Harari0.43 (0.34–0.55)0.23 (0.18–.30)
Addis Ababa6.47 (4.52–9.25)1.32 (0.88–1.96)
Dire Dawa1.46 (1.13–1.90)1.01 (0.76–1.35)
Mothers’ education level
None1.001.00
Primary2.63 (2.35–2.94)1.53 (1.33–1.76)
Secondary and higher7.42 (6.32–8.71)2.14 (1.72–2.67)
Age of mothers
15–24 (ref)1.001.00
25–341.11 (0.99–1.25)1.12 (0.97–1.29)
35–490.81 (0.70–0.93)0.97 (0.82–1.15)
Wealth index
Poor (ref)1.001.00
Middle1.85 (1.59–2.16)1.55 (1.31–1.83)
Rich4.99 (4.46–5.58)2.10 (1.80–2.46)
Respondent currently working
No (ref)1.001.00
Yes1.59 (1.43–1.76)1.01 (0.89–1.14)
Birth order
First1.00
2-30.95 (0.83–1.09)
4-50.93 (0.80–1.08)
6 or more0.99 (0.86–1.14)
Desire for pregnancy
Then (ref)1.001.00
Later1.18 (1.03–1.36)0.84 (0.71–0.99)
No more0.72 (0.58–0.88)0.67 (0.53–0.86)
Frequency of reading newspaper
Not at all (ref)1.001.00
Less than once a week6.00 (4.83–7.44)1.31 (1.00–1.72)
At least once a week4.94 (3.42–7.14)1.15 (0.74–1.79)
Frequency of listening to radio
Not at all (ref)1.001.00
Less than once a week2.65 (2.30–3.05)1.34 (1.12–1.60)
At least once a week3.23 (2.80–3.73)1.47 (1.22–1.76)
Frequency of watching television
Not at all (ref)1.001.00
Less than once a week2.21 (1.87–2.61)1.04 (0.85–1.28)
At least once a week6.97 (6.01–8.09)1.36 (1.09–1.71)

Significance at , , and . aOR: adjusted odds ratio.

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