Obstetrics and Gynecology International / 2019 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Determinants of Maternal Death in a Pastoralist Area of Borena Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia: Unmatched Case-Control Study

Table 4

Preexisting problems and/or antenatal/intranatal risk during the last child pregnancy of pregnant women who delivered between September 2014 and March 2017 at pastoralist area of Borena zone, Oromia region, Ethiopia.

VariablesCases, n (%)Controls, n (%)Total, n (%)

Preexisting health problems before last pregnancy
Yes4 (7)15 (8.5)19 (8)
No55 (93)162 (91.5)217 (92)

Types of preexisting problems
Hypertension2 (50)10 (67)12 (63)
Malaria1 (25)4 (27)5 (26)
Tuberculosis1 (25)01 (5)
PID01 (6)1 (5)

Antenatal/intranatal risk during the last pregnancy
Yes47 (79.7)46 (26)93 (39.4)
No12 (20.3)131 (74)143 (59.6)

Types of antenatal/intranatal risk1
Preeclampsia15 (32)10 (22)25 (27)
Vaginal bleeding20 (43)5 (11)25 (27)
Previous cesarean section delivery04 (9)4 (4)
Multiple gestation2 (4)1 (2)3 (3)
Abnormal lie/presentation7 (15)4 (9)11 (12)
Anemia8 (17)17 (37)25 (27)
Malaria2 (4)5 (11)7 (8)
Unplanned pregnancy011 (1)
Others25 (11)5 (11)10 (11)

1Multiple responses possible. 2CPD, infection; IUFD, obstructed labor; PROM, retained placenta and uterine rupture.

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