Obstetrics and Gynecology International / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Prevalence and Predictors of Dysmenorrhea, Its Effect, and Coping Mechanisms among Adolescents in Shai Osudoku District, Ghana

Table 1

Univariate analysis for the experience of dysmenorrhea among the study participants.

VariablesDysmenorrheaTotal (%) value
No (%)Yes (%)

Age in years
12–1566 (30.4)135 (29.2)201 (29.6)>0.74
16–19151 (69.6)328 (70.8)479 (70.4)
Level of education
Junior high school64 (29.5)148 (32.0)212 (31.2)>0.20
Senior high school153 (70.5)315 (68.0)468 (68.8)
Place of stay
Not lived with parents41 (18.9)121 (26.1)162 (23.8)<0.04
Lives with parents176 (81.1)342 (73.9)518 (76.2)
Age at menarche
<13 years74 (34.1)135 (29.2)209 (30.7)>0.20
13–15 years114 (52.5)277 (59.8)391 (57.5)
>15 years29 (13.4)51 (11.0)80 (11.8)
History of the menstrual cycle
Irregular cycles43 (19.8)132 (28.5)175 (25.7)<0.02
Regular cycles174 (80.2)331 (71.5)505 (74.3)
Nature of menstrual flow
Light flow54 (24.9)96 (20.7)150 (22.1)>0.48
Moderate flow148 (68.2)333 (71.9)481 (70.7)
Heavy flow15 (6.9)34 (7.3)49 (7.2)
Length of cycle
<21 days24 (11.1)70 (15.1)94 (13.8)>0.15
≥21 days193 (88.9)393 (84.9)586 (86.2)
Duration of menstruation
<3 days14 (6.5)48 (10.4)62 (9.1)>0.10
≥3 days203 (93.5)415 (89.6)618 (90.9)
A family history of dysmenorrhea
No159 (73.3)330 (71.3)489 (71.9)>0.59
Yes58 (26.7)133 (28.7)191 (28.1)