Obstetrics and Gynecology International / 2019 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Prevalence and Predictors of Dysmenorrhea, Its Effect, and Coping Mechanisms among Adolescents in Shai Osudoku District, Ghana

Table 3

Univariate analysis of the effect of dysmenorrhea among the study participants.

VariableDysmenorrheaTotal (%) value
No (%)Yes (%)

Pain intensity
Mild pain87 (40.1)154 (33.3)241 (35.4)<0.04
Moderate pain75 (34.6)148 (32.0)223 (32.8)
Severe pain55 (25.3)161 (34.8)216 (31.8)
Duration of the pain
≤3 days66 (30.4)168 (36.3)234 (34.4)>0.13
>3 days151 (69.6)295 (63.7)446 (65.6)
Restriction in physical activities
No183 (84.3)359 (77.5)542 (79.7)<0.04
Yes34 (15.7)104 (22.5)138 (20.3)
Absenteeism
No206 (94.9)431 (93.1)637 (93.7)>0.36
Yes11 (5.1)32 (6.9)43 (6.3)
Poor concentration
No161 (74.2)334 (72.1)495 (72.8)>0.58
Yes56 (25.8)129 (27.9)185 (27.2)
Decreased academic performance
No142 (65.4)319 (68.9)461 (67.8)>0.37
Yes75 (34.6)144 (31.1)219 (32.2)
Social withdrawal
No191 (88.0)400 (86.4)591 (86.9)>0.56
Yes26 (12.0)63 (13.6)89 (13.1)
Unnecessary irritation (mood swing)
No123 (56.7)286 (61.8)409 (60.1)>0.21
Yes94 (43.3)177 (38.2)271 (39.9)