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Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 166-171
http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/oxim.2.3.8608

Phthalate Esters Used as Plasticizers in Packed Red Blood Cell Storage Bags May Lead to Progressive Toxin Exposure and the Release of Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines

1Swedish Medical Center, Trauma Research, Englewood, CO, USA
2Bonfils Blood Center, Denver, CO, USA
3St. Anthony Central Hospital, Trauma Services, Denver, CO, USA
4Swedish Medical Center, Trauma Services, Englewood, CO, USA
5Scott and White Hospital, Trauma Services, Temple, Texas, USA
6Swedish Medical Center, Emergency Department, Englewood, CO, USA

Received 27 March 2009; Revised 31 March 2009; Accepted 1 April 2009

Copyright © 2009 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

Leonard T. Rael, Raphael Bar-Or, Daniel R. Ambruso, et al., “Phthalate Esters Used as Plasticizers in Packed Red Blood Cell Storage Bags May Lead to Progressive Toxin Exposure and the Release of Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines,” Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 166-171, 2009. https://doi.org/10.4161/oxim.2.3.8608.