Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity

Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2009 / Article

Open Access

Volume 2 |Article ID 921619 | https://doi.org/10.4161/oxim.2.2.8372

Beth M. Cleveland, Stephen S. Leonard, Hillar Klandorf, Kenneth P. Blemings, "Urate Oxidase Knockdown Decreases Oxidative Stress in a Murine Hepatic Cell Line", Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, vol. 2, Article ID 921619, 6 pages, 2009. https://doi.org/10.4161/oxim.2.2.8372

Urate Oxidase Knockdown Decreases Oxidative Stress in a Murine Hepatic Cell Line

Received23 Feb 2009
Revised10 Mar 2009
Accepted10 Mar 2009

Abstract

Humans, birds, and some primates do not express the uric acid degrading enzyme urate oxidase (UOX) and, as a result, have plasma uric acid concentrations higher than UOX expressing animals. Although high uric acid concentrations are suggested to increase the antioxidant defense system and provide a health advantage to animals without UOX, knockout mice lacking UOX develop pathological complications including gout and kidney failure. As an alternative to the knockout model, RNA interference was used to decrease UOX expression using stable transfection in a mouse hepatic cell line (ATCC, FL83B). Urate oxidase mRNA was reduced 66% (p < 0.05) compared to wild type, as measured by real time RT-PCR. To determine if UOX knockdown resulted in enhanced protection against oxidative stress, cells were challenged with hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) or 3-morpholinosydnonimine hydrochloride (SIN-1). Compared to wild type, cells with UOX knockdown exhibited a 37.2 ± 3.5% reduction (p < 0.05) in the electron spin resonance (ESR) signal after being exposed to Cr(VI) and displayed less DNA fragmentation (p < 0.05) following SIN-1 treatment. Cell viability decreased in wild type cells (p < 0.05), but not cells with UOX knockdown, after treatment with SIN-1. These results are consistent with an increased intracellular uric acid concentration and an increased defense against oxidative stress.

Copyright © 2009 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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