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Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 14-18
http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/oxim.2.1.7705

Antioxidative Defense Enzymes in Placenta Protect Placenta and Fetus in Inherited Thrombophilia from Hydrogen Peroxide

1University of Belgrade, Institute for Multidisciplinary Research, Department of Biophysics, Belgrade, Serbia
2Department of Pathological Pregnancy, Clinical Centre for Obstetrics and Gynecology, Belgrade, Serbia
3University of Belgrade, Institute for Biological Research, Department of Physiology, Belgrade, Serbia
4Institute for Biological Research, University of Belgrade, Bulevar Despota Stefana 142, Belgrade 11060, Serbia

Received 1 December 2008; Revised 16 December 2008; Accepted 17 December 2008

Copyright © 2009 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Our aim was to investigate the activities of antioxidative defense enzymes in the placenta, fetal blood and amnion fluid in inherited thrombophilia. Thrombophilia was associated with nearly threefold increase of activity (p < 0.001) of the placental catalase (81.1 ± 20.6 U/mg of proteins in controls and 270.0 ± 69.9 U/mg in thrombophilic subjects), glutathione (GSH) peroxidase (C: 20.2 ± 10.1 U/mg; T: 60.0 ± 15.5 U/mg), and GSH reductase (C: 28.9 ± 5.6 U/mg; T: 72.7 ± 23.0 U/mg). The placental activities of superoxide dismutating enzymes—MnSOD and CuZnSOD, did not differ in controls and thrombophilia. Likewise, the activities of catalase and SOD in the fetal blood, and the level of ascorbyl radical which represents a marker of oxidative status of amniotic fluid, were similar in controls and thrombophilic subjects. From this we concluded that in thrombophilia, placental tissue is exposed to H2O2-mediated oxidative stress, which could be initiated by pro-thrombic conditions in maternal blood. Increased activity of placental H2O2-removing enzymes protects fetus and mother during pregnancy, but may increase the risk of postpartum thrombosis.