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Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2013, Article ID 298590, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/298590
Research Article

Effect of Tai Chi versus Walking on Oxidative Stress in Mexican Older Adults

1Unidad de Investigación en Gerontología, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), México, DF, Mexico
2Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Apartado Postal 55-535, 09340 México, D.F., Mexico
3Laboratorio de Biología Celular y Molecular del Cáncer, UIDCC, FES-Zaragoza, UNAM, Mexico

Received 11 April 2013; Revised 10 June 2013; Accepted 10 June 2013

Academic Editor: Narasimham L. Parinandi

Copyright © 2013 Juana Rosado-Pérez et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

It has recently been reported that the practice of Tai Chi reduces oxidative stress (OxS), but it is not clear whether walking or Tai Chi produces a greater antioxidant effect. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of the practice of Tai Chi and walking on markers for OxS. We carried out a quasi-experimental study with 106 older adults between 60 and 74 years of age who were clinically healthy and divided into the following groups: (i) control group ( ), (ii) walking group ( ), and (iii) Tai Chi group ( ). We measured the levels of lipoperoxides (LPO), antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and total antioxidant status (TAS) pre- and post-intervention in all subjects. The data were subjected to a covariant analysis. We found lower levels of LPO in the Tai Chi group compared with the walking group (Tai Chi, 0.261 ± 0.02; walking, 0.331 ± 0.02; control, 0.304 ± 0.023 µmol/L; ). Likewise, we observed significantly higher SOD activity and lower OxS-score in the Tai Chi group ( ). Our findings suggest that the practice of Tai Chi produces a more effective antioxidant effect than walking.