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Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2014, Article ID 681318, 9 pages
Clinical Study

Intake of Red Wine in Different Meals Modulates Oxidized LDL Level, Oxidative and Inflammatory Gene Expression in Healthy People: A Randomized Crossover Trial

1Section of Clinical Nutrition and Nutrigenomic, Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00136 Roma, Italy
2CNR, ISN UOS of Pharmacology, Department of Pharmacology, University Magna Graecia, Roccelletta di Borgia, 88021 Catanzaro, Italy
3National Institute for Mediterranean Diet and Nutrigenomics (I.N.Di.M.), Corso Vittorio Emanuele 4, 87032 Amantea, Italy

Received 14 February 2014; Revised 3 April 2014; Accepted 10 April 2014; Published 30 April 2014

Academic Editor: Kota V. Ramana

Copyright © 2014 Laura Di Renzo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Several studies have found that adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, including consumption of red wine, is associated with beneficial effects on oxidative and inflammatory conditions. We evaluate the outcome of consumption of a McDonald’s Meal (McD) and a Mediterranean Meal (MM), with and without the additive effect of red wine, in order to ascertain whether the addition of the latter has a positive impact on oxidized (ox-) LDL and on expression of oxidative and inflammatory genes. A total of 24 subjects were analyzed for ox-LDL, CAT, GPX1, SOD2, SIRT2, and CCL5 gene expression levels, before and after consumption of the 4 different meal combinations with washout intervals between each meal. When red wine is associated with McD or MM, values of ox-LDL are lowered () and expression of antioxidant genes is increased, while CCL5 expression is decreased (). SIRT2 expression after MM and fasting with red wine is significantly correlated with downregulation of CCL5 and upregulation of CAT (). GPX1 increased significantly in the comparison between baseline and all conditions with red wine. We highlighted for the first time the positive effect of red wine intake combined with different but widely consumed meal types on ox-LDL and gene expression. Trial Registration. This trial is registered with NCT01890070.