Integrated Haematological Profiles of Redox Status, Lipid, and Inflammatory Protein Biomarkers in Benign Obesity and Unhealthy Obesity with Metabolic Syndrome
Selected representative parameters describing fatty acid profile of erythrocyte membrane phospholipids: ratio saturated/monounsaturated fatty acids (a), ratio ω6/ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (b), ω6-arachidonic acid percent of total FA content of phospholipids (c), and ω-3 eicosapentaenoic acid % of total FA content of phospholipids (d), in the groups of obese patients with metabolic syndrome (OB w.MetS, ) and without metabolic syndrome (OB w.o.MetS, ) and of control healthy subjects (CTR, ). Values are represented as mean (□), standard error of the mean (upper and lower limits of the box), and 1.96 × standard error (upper and lower whiskers). Intergroup significant differences () are indicated in each panel. Abbreviations: SAT (saturated fatty acids); MUFA (monounsaturated fatty acids); PUFA (polyunsaturated fatty acids); C20:4 (arachidonic acid); C20:5 (eicosapentaenoic acid); and RBC (red blood cells). Techniques: gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with selected ion monitoring (a–d).
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