(a)
(b)
Figure 5: (a) Plasma levels of selected cytokines/chemokines/growth factors: platelet-derived growth factor (A), interleukin 6 (B), interleukin 7 (C), interleukin 10 (D), interleukin 4 (E), and interleukin 8 (F), in the groups of obese patients with metabolic syndrome (OB w.MetS, ) and without metabolic syndrome (OB w.o.MetS, ) and of control healthy subjects (CTR, ). Values are represented as mean (□), standard error of the mean (upper and lower limits of the box), and 1.96 × standard error (upper and lower whiskers). Intergroup significant differences () are indicated in each panel. Abbreviations: PDGF-bb (platelet-derived growth factor); IL-6 (interleukin 6); IL-7 (interleukin 7); IL-10 (interleukin 10); IL-4 (interleukin 4); and IL-8 (interleukin 8). Techniques: multiplexed Bio-Plex Suspension Array System (A–F). (b) Plasma levels of selected cytokines/chemokines/growth factors: interleukin 9 (A), granulocyte colony stimulating factor (B), tumor necrosis factor- (C), vascular endothelial growth factor (D), granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (E), regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted (F), in the groups of obese patients with metabolic syndrome (OB w.MetS, ) and without metabolic syndrome (OB w.o.MetS, ), and control healthy subjects (CTR, ). Values are represented as mean (□), standard error of the mean (upper and lower limits of the box), and 1.96 × standard error (upper and lower whiskers). Intergroup significant differences () are indicated in each panel. Abbreviations: IL-9 (interleukin 9); G-CSF (granulocyte colony stimulating factor); TNF-alpha (tumor necrosis factor-); VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor); GM-CSF (granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor); and RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted). Techniques: multiplexed Bio-Plex Suspension Array System (A–F).