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Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 2386068, 17 pages
Research Article

Thioredoxin-Interacting Protein Mediates NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation Involved in the Susceptibility to Ischemic Acute Kidney Injury in Diabetes

Department of Anesthesiology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, 99 Zi Yang Road, Wuhan, Hubei 430060, China

Received 27 April 2016; Revised 10 August 2016; Accepted 19 September 2016

Academic Editor: Eric E. Kelley

Copyright © 2016 Ye Da Xiao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Kidney in diabetic state is more sensitive to ischemic acute kidney injury (AKI). However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Herein, we examined the impact of diabetes mellitus on thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) expression and whether mediated NLRP3 activation was associated with renal ischemia/reperfusion- (I/R-) induced AKI. In an in vivo model, streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats showed higher susceptibility to I/R injury with increased TXNIP expression, which was significantly attenuated by resveratrol (RES) treatment (10 mg/kg intraperitoneal daily injection for 7 consecutive days prior to I/R induction). RES treatment significantly inhibited TXNIP binding to NLRP3 in diabetic rats subjected to renal I/R injury. Furthermore, RES treatment significantly reduced cleaved caspase-1 expression and production of IL-1 and IL-18. In an in vitro study using cultured human kidney proximal tubular cell (HK-2 cells) in high glucose condition (HG, 30 mM) subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R), HG combined H/R (HH/R) stimulated TXNIP expression which was accompanied by increased NLRP3 expression, ROS generation, caspase-1 activity and IL-1 levels, and aggravated HK-2 cells apoptosis. All these changes were significantly attenuated by TXNIP RNAi and RES treatment. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that TXNIP-mediated NLRP3 activation through oxidative stress is a key signaling mechanism in the susceptibility to AKI in diabetic models.