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Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2016, Article ID 3975101, 25 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3975101
Review Article

Oxidative Stress Implications in the Affective Disorders: Main Biomarkers, Animal Models Relevance, Genetic Perspectives, and Antioxidant Approaches

1Department of Molecular and Experimental Biology, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University, 11 Carol I, 700506 Iaşi, Romania
2Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch, 8 Carol I, 700505 Iaşi, Romania
3“Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 16 Universitatii Street, 700115 Iasi, Romania

Received 20 April 2016; Revised 30 June 2016; Accepted 5 July 2016

Academic Editor: Felipe Dal Pizzol

Copyright © 2016 Ioana Miruna Balmus et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The correlation between the affective disorders and the almost ubiquitous pathological oxidative stress can be described in a multifactorial way, as an important mechanism of central nervous system impairment. Whether the obvious changes which occur in oxidative balance of the affective disorders are a part of the constitutive mechanism or a collateral effect yet remains as an interesting question. However it is now clear that oxidative stress is a component of these disorders, being characterized by different aspects in a disease-dependent manner. Still, there are a lot of controversies regarding the relevance of the oxidative stress status in most of the affective disorders and despite the fact that most of the studies are showing that the affective disorders development can be correlated to increased oxidative levels, there are various studies stating that oxidative stress is not linked with the mood changing tendencies. Thus, in this minireview we decided to describe the way in which oxidative stress is involved in the affective disorders development, by focusing on the main oxidative stress markers that could be used mechanistically and therapeutically in these deficiencies, the genetic perspectives, some antioxidant approaches, and the relevance of some animal models studies in this context.