Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2016 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Changes in Oxidative Stress and Inflammatory Biomarkers in Fragile Adults over Fifty Years of Age and in Elderly People Exclusively Fed Enteral Nutrition

Table 5

Fatty acids in red blood cell membranes of frail adult and elderly patients fed exclusively by total enteral nutrition with the experimental and reference diets for 90 d and 180 d.

(%)ExperimentalReference
Baseline ()90 d ()180 d ()Baseline ()90 d ()180 d ()

Palmitic acid23.3 ± 0.424.6 ± 0.423.6 ± 0.522.3 ± 0.823.5 ± 0.323.7 ± 0.3
Stearic acid13.6 ± 0.413.6 ± 0.313.9 ± 0.213.6 ± 0.313.4 ± 0.313.8 ± 0.4
Oleic acid17.6 ± 0.517.8 ± 0.517.5 ± 0.418.1 ± 0.417.9 ± 0.418.2 ± 0.6
LA8.8 ± 0.39.6 ± 0.49.4 ± 0.48.6 ± 0.38.2 ± 0.38.2 ± 0.2
LNA0.24 ± 0.010.22 ± 0.010.26 ± 0.020.3 ± 0.020.29 ± 0.020.27 ± 0.01
AA14.0 ± 0.412.3 ± 0.512.3 ± 0.614.6 ± 0.413.5 ± 0.513.7 ± 0.4
EPA0.59 ± 0.040.55 ± 0.040.58 ± 0.030.71 ± 0.050.53 ± 0.040.49 ± 0.04
DPA1.5 ± 0.11.7 ± 0.12.2 ± 0.11.9 ± 0.41.8 ± 0.11.7 ± 0.1
DHA4.0 ± 0.33.6 ± 0.23.6 ± 0.23.4 ± 0.32.8 ± 0.23.0 ± 0.2
n-3 LC-PUFA6.0 ± 0.35.8 ± 0.36.4 ± 0.26.0 ± 0.55.2 ± 0.215.1 ± 0.3

Significant difference between groups according to a general lineal model for repeated measures. Significant differences between groups at each time point. Mean values within a row with unlike superscript letters are significantly different in each group. Significant differences between groups at each time point. < 0.05 was considered significant. AA, arachidonic acid; DHA, docosahexaenoic acid; DPA, docosapentaenoic acid; EPA, eicosapentaenoic acid; LA, linoleic acid; LNA linolenic acid; -3 LC-PUFA, omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids.

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