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Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2016, Article ID 6236309, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6236309
Review Article

Ageing-Associated Oxidative Stress and Inflammation Are Alleviated by Products from Grapes

Department of Physiological Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch 7600, South Africa

Received 23 October 2015; Revised 3 February 2016; Accepted 7 February 2016

Academic Editor: Hesham A. El Enshasy

Copyright © 2016 K. S. Petersen and C. Smith. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Advanced age is associated with increased incidence of a variety of chronic disease states which share oxidative stress and inflammation as causative role players. Furthermore, data point to a role for both cumulative oxidative stress and low grade inflammation in the normal ageing process, independently of disease. Therefore, arguably the best route with which to address premature ageing, as well as age-associated diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and dementia, is preventative medicine aimed at modulation of these two responses, which are intricately interlinked. In this review, we provide a detailed account of the literature on the communication of these systems in the context of ageing, but with inclusion of relevant data obtained in other models. In doing so, we attempted to more clearly elucidate or identify the most probable cellular or molecular targets for preventative intervention. In addition, given the absence of a clear pharmaceutical solution in this context, together with the ever-increasing consumer bias for natural medicine, we provide an overview of the literature on grape (Vitis vinifera) derived products, for which beneficial effects are consistently reported in the context of both oxidative stress and inflammation.