Potential adverse effects in case of abuse or mishandling of industrial/medicinal used HOCl solution.
|Field of application||Abuse/mishandling/adverse effects||Ref.|
|Household products|| || |
| Weakly concentrated solutions||Vomiting, pain, and dyspnea|||
| Highly concentrated solutions||Nausea, diarrhea, hypotension, coma, hypernatraemic hyperchloraemic acidosis, convulsion, and cardiorespiratory arrest|||
|Water disinfection||Oxidation of organic matter, anthropogenic contaminants, and iodide and bromide conversion in rivers, lakes, and groundwater|||
|Endodontics||Chemical burns, tissue necrosis, neurological complications, and upper airway obstruction|||