Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Chlorinated Phospholipids and Fatty Acids: (Patho)physiological Relevance, Potential Toxicity, and Analysis of Lipid Chlorohydrins

Table 1

Potential adverse effects in case of abuse or mishandling of industrial/medicinal used HOCl solution.

Field of applicationAbuse/mishandling/adverse effectsRef.

Household products
 Weakly concentrated solutionsVomiting, pain, and dyspnea[117]
 Highly concentrated solutionsNausea, diarrhea, hypotension, coma, hypernatraemic hyperchloraemic acidosis, convulsion, and cardiorespiratory arrest[117]

Water disinfectionOxidation of organic matter, anthropogenic contaminants, and iodide and bromide conversion in rivers, lakes, and groundwater[118]

EndodonticsChemical burns, tissue necrosis, neurological complications, and upper airway obstruction[119]

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