Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2016 / Article / Fig 4

Research Article

The Essential Oils of Rhaponticum carthamoides Hairy Roots and Roots of Soil-Grown Plants: Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial, Anti-Inflammatory, and Antioxidant Activities

Figure 4

ROS production in LPS-stimulated astrocytes. Astrocytes were induced with LPS (1 μg/mL) and then incubated for 24 h with 100 μg/mL of Rhaponticum carthamoides HR and SGR essential oils. Values are given as means ± SD of three independent experiments. versus control; HR essential oil versus SGR essential oil.

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