Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2017 / Article / Tab 4

Review Article

Effects of Photobiomodulation Therapy on Oxidative Stress in Muscle Injury Animal Models: A Systematic Review

Table 4

Study characteristics of selected experimental controlled animal studies on low-level laser irradiation effects on oxidative stress.

Energy density (J/cm2)Energy
Power density
(W or mW/cm2)
Spot size (cm2)Irradiation time per point
Duration of treatments (days)Treatment frequency (days)Laser frequency
(mW or W)

Guaraldo et al. [5]80814441.0710.028406 weeks100 W
Ribeiro et al. [2]780/660103.211071, 3, and 7 after the induction of injury40 mW
Oliveira Silva et al. [15]80810710270,0281003Consecutive days30 mW
Silveira et al. [3]90452.54000.1012.552, 12, 24, 48, 72, 96, and 120 hours after the trauma9.50040 mW (peak power 70 W)
Assis et al. [6]8081801.43.80.00785474Consecutive days30 mW
Davila et al. [17]632.8/9049.560/4710Consecutive days5/12 mW
Servetto et al. [14]632.8/9049.560/477Consecutive days5/12 mW
Rizzi et al. [1]9045 J357 or 14Daily45 mW

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