Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2017 / Article / Tab 7

Research Article

Impact of Hot Environment on Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalance, Renal Damage, Hemolysis, and Immune Activation Postmarathon

Table 7

Inflammatory mediators and markers of muscle damage after the marathon race in the temperate and hot environments.

RVBeforeImmediately after1 day after3 days after

CRP (mg/dL)<0.8
 HE0.4 ± 0.01##0.4 ± 0.01##1.7 ± 0.2#0.6 ± 0.05##
 TE0.8 ± 0.050.6 ± 0.052.5 ± 0.21.3 ± 0.1
α-1GPA (mg/dL)50–120
 HE66 ± 377 ± 377 ± 272 ± 3
 TE69 ± 375 ± 377 ± 378 ± 3
Myoglobin (ng/mL)<106
 HE44 ± 61016 ± 126154 ± 2084 ± 19
 TE46 ± 71059 ± 120184 ± 2696 ± 35
CK (U/L)<171
 HE190 ± 28481 ± 561427 ± 246906 ± 381
 TE393 ± 155568 ± 781828 ± 2831231 ± 497
LDH (U/L)120–246
 HE252 ± 12##427 ± 33##290 ± 19##284 ± 20##
 TE500 ± 23934 ± 37669 ± 27625 ± 32
Lactate (mmol/L)0.5–1.6
 HE1.1 ± 0.12.4 ± 0.21.2 ± 0.10.9 ± 0.1
 TE1.2 ± 0.12.8 ± 0.20.9 ± 0.11.0 ± 0.1
AST (U/L)<50
 HE28 ± 1#37 ± 2#75 ± 1048 ± 7#
 TE37 ± 352 ± 485 ± 764 ± 7
ALT (U/L)<50
 HE24 ± 2##25 ± 2##29 ± 3##34 ± 4#
 TE39 ± 242 ± 248 ± 252 ± 2
GGT (U/L)<73
 HE34 ± 4#33 ± 331 ± 330 ± 3
 TE30 ± 332 ± 329 ± 328 ± 3

RV: reference value; α-1GPA: alpha 1 acid glycoprotein; CRP: C-reactive protein; LDH: lactate dehydrogenase; CK: creatine kinase; ALT: alanine transaminase; AST: aspartate transaminase; GGT: gamma-glutamyl transferase; HE: hot environment; TE: temperate environment. The values are presented as mean ± standard error of mean (SEM) of 26 runners. versus before the race; versus before the race; ; and versus temperate environment.

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