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Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 4757893, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4757893
Review Article

Honey and Diabetes: The Importance of Natural Simple Sugars in Diet for Preventing and Treating Different Type of Diabetes

1Life Sciences Institute “King Michael I of Romania”, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2Faculty of Animal Breeding and Biotechnology, Technology Department, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Correspondence should be addressed to Adela Ramona Moise; or.julcvmasu@esiom.aleda

Received 21 August 2017; Revised 21 November 2017; Accepted 24 December 2017; Published 4 February 2018

Academic Editor: Undurti N. Das

Copyright © 2018 Otilia Bobiş et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder with multifactorial and heterogeneous etiologies. Two types of diabetes are common among humans: type 1 diabetes that occurs when the immune system attacks and destroys insulin and type 2 diabetes, the most common form, that may be caused by several factors, the most important being lifestyle, but also may be determined by different genes. Honey was used in folk medicine for a long time, but the health benefits were explained in the last decades, when the scientific world was concerned in testing and thus explaining the benefits of honey. Different studies demonstrate the hypoglycemic effect of honey, but the mechanism of this effect remains unclear. This review presents the experimental studies completed in the recent years, which support honey as a novel antidiabetic agent that might be of potential significance for the management of diabetes and its complications and also highlights the potential impacts and future perspectives on the use of honey as an antidiabetic agent.