Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2018 / Article / Fig 3

Research Article

Rhaponticum carthamoides Transformed Root Extract Has Potent Anticancer Activity in Human Leukemia and Lung Adenocarcinoma Cell Lines

Figure 3

mtDNA damage estimated as lesion frequency per 10 kb in ND1 and ND5 genes in cell lines K-562, CCRF-CEM, and A549 after 24 h treatment with R. carthamoides extracts from the roots of soil-grown plants (Rc NR extract) and transformed roots (Rc TR extract). SLR-qRT-PCR was used to quantify mtDNA damage. The results represent mean ± SD of three independent experiments. Control: untreated cells. cells treatment with Rc NR extract or TR extract vs. control cells; Rc NR extract vs. Rc TR extract.

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